Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which the body stops producing insulin. Insulin is a hormone that allows your body to use carbohydrates that are consumed from food or drink. The cause of Type 1 Diabetes is currently not known, however there’s currently a lot of research being done in this area.
It is different to Type 2 Diabetes, which is usually initiated by unhealthy lifestyle choices and causes your body’s cells to not respond to insulin as well as they should.
Onset of Type 1 Diabetes is more common in children; however, it can develop in adults too.
The signs and symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes can appear suddenly, usually over the course of a few weeks. As blood sugar level continue to rise without treatment, it can be dangerous if left untreated and can lead to stroke, coma or even death.
Here are some of the most common symptoms:
Other, less common symptoms may include:
- Yeast infections
- Confusion/difficulty concentrating
- Sour fruit smell on your breath
If you notice any of these symptoms in yourself or your child, please consult your doctor. Tests are very easy and will be done in one of two ways:
- Testing you blood sugar levels
- Testing urine for ketones
There is currently no cure for Type 1 Diabetes, however it is manageable through the use of insulin. It is very important to get tested as soon as possible.